Youth Justice Law in England and Wales
Providing legal knowledge and expertise about childrens rights in the criminal justice system.
Legal guide to the Criminal Practice Directions
Nevertheless, charmed to have a sophisticated listener, he aired all his quaint and impractical theories. He dabbled in chemistry amongst other things, and had a great store of pseudo-scientific patter. Counsell listened politely and made the suitable rejoinders, but never lost an opportunity of trying to draw Pen into the talk. Pen, resisting his efforts, was nevertheless secretly delighted with his adroitness. It made her realize how she had been hungering for the graces of intercourse.V1 chief of which were that the priests should exercise their functions without being required to ask leave of the Governor, and that the inhabitants should not be called upon for military service of any kind. The Bishop added that the provisions of the treaty of Utrecht were insufficient, and that others ought to be exacted.  The oral declaration of the English authorities, that for the present the Acadians should not be required to bear arms, was not thought enough. They, or rather their prompters, demanded a written pledge.This guideis intended to assist lawyers representingchildrenin the criminal courts and explains how the Criminal Practice Directions can support in this context.
R v Brecani: A major setback for victims of child criminal exploitation
 Pontbriand, Jugement impartial.Some two months before Montcalm wrote this letter, the Minister, Berryer, sent a despatch to the Governor and Intendant which filled them with ire and mortification. It ordered them to do nothing without consulting the general of the French regulars, not only in matters of war, but in all matters of administration touching the defence and preservation of the colony. A plainer proof of confidence on one hand and distrust on the other could not have been given. In a landmark ruling the Court of appeal ruled that Conclusive Grounds Decisions made by the National Referral Mechanism are no longer admissible in criminal proceedings. This decision will have a disproportionate impact on the most vulnerable victims of exploitation and trafficking - those unwilling or unable to speak out against the individuals and/or networks that caused them to be victimised. Without this key piece of information, overcoming the defence of modern slavery will likely be easier. Practitioners will now need to give serious consideration to the level and kind of expert being utilised in respect of modern slavery cases.
Rainsbrook Secure Training Centre failings: A warning sign
498 Procès-verbal de la Déliberation du Conseil de Guerre tenu à Montréal, 6 Sept. 1760.An all party Justice Committee Parliamentary Report into to the mismanagement of Rainsbrook Secure Training Centre near Rugby published at the end of March raised serious concerns about the safety of the institution. This STC holds up to 87 children (boys and girls) aged 12 to 17. It is run by MTC a US based global company offering custodial services in the US, Uk and Australia. Subsequent investigations including a further Ofsted inspection which rated it 'inadequate' have resulted in the Lord Chancellor Robert Buckland taking the decision move all children from the STC and to review the purpose and managemnt of the site.
New Youth Court Preparation for Effective Trial Form: A step in the right direction
So at you, ye b——s, here's give you Hot Stuff." Montreuil au Ministre, 12 Juin, 1756. The original is in cipher.As of 7 June 2021 Youth Courts across the UK will be using specific Youth Court Preparation for Effective Trial (PET) forms. To date, Magistrates Court PET forms have been used for Youth Court cases. This form is specifically tailored to deal with child defendants in the Youth Court and demonstrates a recognition of the fact that children caught up in the youth justice system require distinct and specialist measures. However, there is still room for improvement and it is hoped that the form will evolve over time.
Police, Crime, Sentencing and Court Bill: Extensive and Controversial Proposed Changes to the Youth Justice System
 Mémorial de Jean-Denis de Vitré au Très-honorable William Pitt. "The number of troops remaining under my Command at this place [Fort Edward], excluding the Posts on Hudson's River, amounts to but sixteen hundred men fit for duty, with which Army, so much inferior to that of the enemy, I did not think it prudent to pursue my first intentions of Marching to their Assistance." Webb to Loudon, 5 Aug. 1757.This Bill proposes significant change across the criminal justice system, including how children and young people are sentenced and how they are managed in the community. Whilst in some areas the Bill's proposals represent progress for children caught up in the criminal justice system, many practitioners are concerned that if passed in its current form the new measures may lead to increased numbers of children in custody and exacerbate existing disparities and injustices.
Covid Joint Interim Interview Protocol no longer in use for suspects under the age of 18 or adults who are vulnerable
His foreboding proved true. Webb had scarcely reached the Great Carrying Place, when tidings of disaster fell upon him like a thunderbolt. The French had descended in force upon Oswego, taken it with all its garrison; and, as report ran, were advancing into the province, six thousand strong. Wood Creek had just been cleared, with great labor, of the trees that choked it. Webb ordered others to be felled and thrown into the stream to stop the progress of the enemy; then, with shameful precipitation, he burned the forts of the Carrying Place, and retreated down the Mohawk to German Flats. Loudon ordered Winslow to think no more of Ticonderoga, but to stay where he was and hold the French in check. All was astonishment and dismay at the sudden blow. "Oswego has changed masters, and I think we may justly fear that the whole of our country will soon follow, unless a merciful God prevent, and awake a sinful people to repentance and reformation." Thus wrote Dr. Thomas Williams to his wife from the camp at Fort Edward. "Such a shocking affair has never found a place in English annals," wrote the surgeon's young relative, Colonel William Williams. "The loss 407V1 answer as before; whereupon they were allowed till ten o'clock on the next morning for a final decision. The Joint Interim Interview Protocol (JIIP) between the Police, CPS and lawyers is intended to assist investigators and prosecutors in deciding whether suspects should be interviewed as part of a police investigation during the Covid-19 pandemic. It is regularly reviewed, and the latest version is effective from 17 May 2021. The latest guidance is the first phase of an aspiration to withdraw the protocol as national restrictions are eased and as such it will no longer apply where the suspect is aged under 18 or is a vulnerable adult.
MOJ publishes response to consultation on legal aid for pre-charge engagement
V1 whom I find at certain moments too much wit and too many charms for my tranquillity." These ladies of the Rue du Parloir are several times mentioned in his familiar correspondence with Bourlamaque. Lords of Trade to Lawrence, 4 March, 1754.On 7 April 2021, the Ministry of Justice (MOJ) published its response to the consultation on remuneration for pre-charge engagement. The consultation followed the recent update to the Attorney Generals Guidelines on Disclosure which recommended that pre-charge engagement between the prosecution and the defence may be appropriate in some cases. Whilst this work is clearly beneficial to the effective operation of the criminal justice system, it is not remunerated under the current Criminal Legal Aid scheme. The consultation sought views on the governments proposed approach to remedy this. The Crime Contract Amendments come into force on 7 June 2021 and allow agreed pre-charge engagement work to be charged at the hourly rates set out in the Criminal Remuneration Regulations.
Young adults convicted of murder what is the appropriate discount for youth?
From these and other reasons, the numerical superiority of the English was to some extent made unavailing. This superiority, though exaggerated by French writers, was nevertheless immense if estimated by the number of men called to arms; but only a part of these could be employed in offensive operations. The rest garrisoned forts and blockhouses and guarded the far reach of frontier from Nova Scotia to South Carolina, where a wily enemy, silent and secret as fate, choosing their own time and place of attack, and striking unawares at every unguarded spot, compelled thousands of men, scattered at countless points of defence, to keep unceasing watch against a few hundred savage marauders. Full half the levies of the colonies, and many of the regulars, were used in service of this kind.Counsell blushed red with pleasure. "That is kind," he said.The defendants, BN and HS were aged 19 at the time of the incident for which they were later convicted of murder. BN was sentenced to life imprisonment with a minimum term of 20 years. HS was sentenced to life imprisonment with a minimum term of 16 years. The Attorney General appealed the sentences as being unduly lenient. The Court of Appeal upheld BNs sentence but increased HSs sentence to life imprisonment with a minimum term of 19 years. This case reiterates the well-established principle that attaining the age of 18 does not represent a cliff edge between being sentenced as a youth and being sentenced as an adult.
R v Beyonce Parkes: A reminder that turning 18 is not a cliff edge
 N.Y. Col. Docs., X. 893. Lotbinière's relative, Vaudreuil, confirms the statement. Montcalm had not, as has been said, begun already to fall back.V2 till the tents of the invader had vanished from their shores and his ships from their river. "What we knew," says one of them, "of the character of M. Wolfe, that impetuous, bold, and intrepid warrior, prepared us for a last attack before he left us."The Court of Appeal reiterated the importance of ensuring that a defendants age is given proper weight and consideration during the sentencing process. The COA considered the decisions in R v Clarke (2018) EWCA Crim 185 and R v Peters (2005) EWCA Crim 506.s The case is a reminder that age and consequent lack of maturity must be actively brought to the attention of the sentencing court, particularly in cases concerning young adult offenders.